Today, various VPN protocols are being used. These include L2TP/IPSec, PPTP and OpenVPN.

L2TP/IPSec is the most modern protocol and the one used by default in many commercial VPN services. L2TP is an abbreviation of Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol. IPSec is Internet Protocol Security and is the security technology used to implement L2TP.

VPN protocol – What are the differences between various VPN protocols? Which one is the best to use? I want you to be fully informed and make an educated decision when deciding on a VPN protocol. Therefore, in this article, you will find explained what are the differences between L2TP/IPSec, PPTP and OpenVPN.

L2TP/IPSec is a protocol for Point-to-Point Tunneling. This protocol is used by major VPN providers such as HideMyAss, IPVanish, PureVPN, Private Internet Access, StrongVPN and TorGuard.L2TP basically creates a tunnel between two endpoints (for example an L2TP client located in your home and a server located in the US). This tunnel then allows other protocols to be run through it (like IPSec).

Each protocol has its own specific use. In this article, I will explain the differences between the most popular protocols, so that you can better understand what is important to know to find a VPN connection that best suits your needs. I will also explain why it is important to choose a VPN service with support for OpenVPN protocol.

There are several things to consider when choosing a VPN protocol. The brand of VPN service is one factor and we have already written about the best VPN service brands and the best VPN encryption.

The devices you will be using with VPN are also an important factor. For example, on Windows laptops, OpenVPN is a popular option. However, PPTP may be better on iOS devices because it is available for iOS devices (PPTP is not available for Windows). L2TP/IPSec works with all the devices but it may not be used on public WiFi networks due to security reasons (L2TP/IPSec use passwords rather than certificates). Finally, there are VPN protocols that are more secure than others. This refers to the encryption standard being used and the strength of the keys used in the encryption.


In addition to the already available protocols in the PPTP protocol, IKE (Internet Key Exchange) support is added. The PPTP protocol implements the OSI layer two services: transparent data transfer through the tunnel and remote access to a dial-up server, using an analogue modem.

The Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) provides a reliable way to establish a connection between remote communication nodes. The computer that initiates the connection is called the gateway and is connected to the network provider, and the communication node that connects is called a remote node and is connected to the client-side.

To provide remote access to another communication node, the gateway sends it the information required to establish a connection.

To provide security for authentication during communication sessions, IPsec mechanisms are used in combination with Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP).


L2tp is a tunnelling protocol over the internet. It provides strong authentication and secure data transmission with the help of IPSec. The L2tp tunnelling protocol is used for protecting your IP packet from possible attacks and transferring information at a high-speed over long distances. While using L2tp, the transport layer of the OSI model encrypts all the information packets with the help of IPSec to provide security and privacy and prevent active attacks. This process makes it impossible for anyone to read or change your data. The L2tp tunnelling protocol can be used for various purposes such as VPN (Virtual Private Network), L2tp VPN (Virtual Private Network – L2tp), PPTP vs L2tp (PPTP vs. L2tp), L2tp Pptp Comparison (L2tp Pptp Comparison).


that it is more secure and more reliable for sending data across the internet via your computer than the standard SSL based VPN. sstp VPN is created, designed, and maintained by a global network of dedicated servers that offer high performance and high security. sstp is created for those users who are looking to combine the security benefits of an SSL based VPN with the high performance, lower latency, and lower jitter of a TCP connection.

The SSTP is a tunnelling protocol that provides encapsulation of Point to Point Protocol (PPP) packets within Internet Protocol security (IPsec) packets. This protocol is provided as an alternative to the Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP). It enables a VPN connection over the Internet or using an Internet connection without having to establish a dedicated virtual circuit. L2TP is a protocol that can be run on top of either the User Datagram Protocol (UDP) or the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). The SSTP was created by Microsoft as an evolution of the PPTP protocol.


is a free and open-source software application that implements virtual private network (VPNs) techniques to create private network connections across shared or public networks such as the internet.

The OpenVPN protocol is an extension of the OpenVPN project. It provides support of multiple simultaneous VPNs, client-side authentication, and management interface through a single control channel. The latter feature is used to implement the login server, status server and other management functions.


Technology has been integral in fighting censorship

VPNs are so important is because they hide your identity. VPNs create an environment of anonymity and digital freedom where individuals can express themselves freely without fear of judgment by others. In the age of information, access to knowledge has never been more important than it is today. With the rapid rise in internet accessibility, governments have taken drastic measures to censor their citizen’s online activities under the guise of national security or cultural preservation.

Technology has been integral in fighting censorship, and one of the most effective tools for circumventing government internet filters is a VPN. VPNs keep your online activity private by hiding your IP address from prying eyes. When you connect to the internet through a VPN server located outside of your country, it becomes impossible for surveillance companies to track what pages you visit or what content you consume.

VPNs have a variety of other uses, too. VPNs are used by businesses to give remote employees access to their corporate network and data from anywhere in the world. They’re also used for secure file-sharing with business partners, video chat, Skype calls, or similar services.

In addition to this, individuals can also use VPNs for torrenting. Torrenting is simply a file-sharing method that uses the concept of peer-to-peer transfers. A group of users will be able to download and upload files from each other at high speeds. This is made possible by downloading small parts of files from multiple sources simultaneously.

Strictly speaking, the concept of peer-to-peer transfers has been around for a long time. However, torrenting is frequently used in cases where files are too large to be shared through email or other similar methods. It was only when the worldwide web became more widespread that people truly realized how beneficial this method of file sharing could be.

VPNs have been instrumental in enabling individuals to access and engage with torrenting safely. Since ISPs can’t see what you’re downloading, they can’t throttle your internet connection for doing so or threaten to terminate your service if you do it too much.

It is good to hide your identity for many reasons. You have things you want done but don’t want the public at large to know that it was you who did them. Perhaps it is something illegal or maybe it’s just a matter of privacy; the point is that if others knew what you were up to, their actions would be influenced by knowing this and they might not act as freely or decisively as if they didn’t know anything about what motivated your behavior. There are some people who think nothing of using other people’s personal information against them in order to gain an advantage, so anonymity has some very practical value.

Do you know that it was easy for someone to track down your online identity and discover the real names of all those people who participated in Doxing campaigns against Zoe Quinn? I understand this is a bit irrelevant to what we were talking about, but if you don’t mind me adding some more information. On internet forums such as 4chan, there are users who think nothing of doxing other users they find disagreeable or offensive. They will often post their findings on forums and social media sites like Reddit, Tumblr and Twitter so that everyone can see just how despicable this person is.

There are people who think very highly of themselves and consider anyone who disagrees with their opinions to be beneath them. They will make it a point to show everyone how disagreeable the person they just doxed is, and they love to ridicule others in an effort to elevate themselves above those they deem inferior. I have seen some call this behavior ‘toxicity’ but that is not what makes someone toxic; rather, it’s when someone has no qualms about using other people’s personal information against them without their consent.

Yes, one of the reasons that VPNs are so important is because they hide your identity. I can see why this would be very appealing to you.

Yes, it is certainly true that many people in the world are prone to doxing others. Some of them seem only interested in trying to find ways of hurting other people for whatever reason.

I understand that people have many reasons for using VPNs. I do not know why you feel compelled to explain this so fervently, but if it makes you happy and calms your nerves, then by all means continue.

VPNs have become a necessity for businesses and consumers alike in the quest for keeping private information protected. An effective VPN not only protects you, but it prevents your IP address from being spoofed and protects against DNS leaks. However, there are hundreds of VPN providers out there, so how do you choose the right one?

VPN reviews

Mullvad VPN State-of-the-art VPN technology.

Stop the internet from leaking out of your device. With Mullvad VPN (Virtual Private Network) you can be sure nobody will be able to see what you get up to on the net where and when it suits you. Mullvad offers simple installation software for Windows, Mac OS X, Ubuntu, iOS
Wherever you go with Mullvad VPN, your Internet connection is safe and secure. One tap connects you to over 20+ global server locations, giving you unparalleled freedom on the web. When you use Mullvad VPN it becomes impossible for any cybercriminal to monitor, track, or hack your internet activity.

Fighting for your right to privacy?

For strong digital privacy, you need to take a proactive approach. Mullvad VPN’s unique VPN intelligence engine stops tracking and enabling you to decide where your data goes and what it’s used for. With Mullvad VPN you decide who will see your online activity.

Discover a more secure and private Internet on all your devices. Mullvad VPN secures your online activities by encrypting all of your communications with AES-256 bit encryption. The mullvad app for iPhone and Android securely saves your account details and login credentials automatically, so it is easy to connect anytime, anywhere.
Internet surveillance is now an inescapable part of everyday life, but what’s less well-known is that it’s getting worse. Your personal data is becoming more and more vulnerable to exploitation and exposure. Mullvad VPN helps you to take control of your digital privacy by securing your Internet connection, so you can surf the web anonymously and privately.
If you’re looking for the best value for money when it comes to a VPN
State-of-the-art VPN technology. Crystal-Clear encryption. Unparalleled connectivity. Exceptional performance. Mullvad is a VPN service offered by Amagicom AB in Sweden, which sells VPN software to users worldwide for use on desktop computers and mobile devices. The company’s headquarters are located in Gothenburg, Sweden, where all of the development and operational work is done.
Say goodbye to the NSA and say hello to online freedom with Mullvad. Our service is fast, secure and anonymous. We believe that everyone has a right to online privacy. Our mission is to enable you to take back your digital life. By choosing Mullvad, you’re taking back your freedom.
We’re a team of 60-plus people from around the world, working hard to make digital privacy accessible to everyone. Our work is made easier thanks to our amazing community—people just like you—who are active, engaged and dedicated to restoring and advancing our rights online. We want to empower members of our community who can relay their experiences from around the globe, which is why we’re offering one lucky winner a 12-month Mullvad subscription! The deadline for submissions is
Eliminate censorship and surveillance, protect your data, and gain back your right to privacy. With Mullvad, you decide what you want to do online.
With Mullvad, you can encrypt your internet traffic and change your true IP-address. Protect yourself against mass surveillance, while you surf the web anonymously.
When it comes to your personal data, trust is the most important thing. That’s why we do things differently at Mullvad – we don’t store any logs with personal information. And we’re a pretty rad company with good customer service and a clear business model. Check out our website for more information.
Internet privacy is a human right.


Should I use VPN?

I will argue that you should use a VPN because it is necessary to keep your data secure.
The internet is an amazing tool, and has enabled so much progress for our species. It gives people in developing countries unprecedented access to the world’s knowledge, and allows us to communicate with each other like never before.
Unfortunately, it is also a very dangerous place. Hackers can easily steal your identity or access sensitive files by exploiting unprotected connections. Companies monitor and record your behavior online in order to sell you products that they think you want.
They can do this through the use of encryption algorithms, because it is impossible to convert plain text to ciphertext without knowing the decryption key. This means that even if your data is intercepted by a third party, they will only see scrambled and unreadable messages.
There is one problem with encryption algorithms, though. They are often slow and resource intensive. This means that they can be difficult to use for many applications.
Another issue is that encryption algorithms are usually secret, or proprietary. This means that users have no way to know whether they could be using a weaker form of the algorithm.

VPN reviews

Does Mullvad VPN Keep Logs?

Does Mullvad Keep Logs?

The question is whether Mullvad keeps logs or not. The answer isn’t just yes or no, as it depends on what we mean by “logs”.

There are many possible definitions of the term “logs”, and I will list them in a logical manner:

First, there is an informal definition of logs that does not match any precise scientific definition but rather matches everyday usage. This definition would include all information about your internet activity that is recorded anywhere in any form whatsoever. Example: If you visit example-dot-com then some records might be created which contain data indicating this fact (along with other facts such as IP address). These records could either be deleted at some later point (perhaps 30 days from now) if they are deemed unnecessary for whatever reason, or perhaps kept indefinitely for statistical purposes (to analyze traffic patterns over time). A host company may also sell access to their storage space to 3rd parties – who can do anything they want with the data stored there. Thus these so called logs contain all information about a person’s internet activity except his/her actual location/identity – unless he reveals this info somewhere else online.
The next definition of logs is the most precise scientific one – it matches what a computer scientist or engineer would understand as “logs”: A certain type of data structure that contains records about events in chronological order, usually time-stamped. There are many different types of such things, but for our purposes we can ignore the differences between them and focus on a more philosophical question: What does it mean to keep something like this? Keeping logs requires creating them in the first place. Someone must enter information into these logs (for example using some sort of interface) which creates a record there. Even if they never look at these logs again after entering this information, someone still had to do all the work involved with creating them initially.
So, in this sense of the word “logs”, Mullvad probably does not keep logs (unless you count configuration files as well). If they do then it is only because someone else created them.

The next definition of logs is very closely related to the first one – it again refers to any information about your activity that is stored anywhere: This time however we are not considering traffic patterns over long periods of time but rather short-term behavior involving specific web sites or services. Example: You access a certain site and log into an account using your email address and password (without 2FA activated). Now when you visit another site which has a malicious script on it which sends data back to this second site, there will be a record indicating that you accessed both sites.
Mullvad probably does not keep such logs (even though it depends on how you interpret the word “keep”). If they do then again, this is only because someone else created them.


Do VPN providers keeps logs?

So, what VPN providers keep logs and why? The answer is that it depends on the VPN provider. Many people do not know that internet service providers (ISPs) aggressively market themselves as ‘VPN’ services to mask their logging policies.
But the fact is, ISPs are not good at providing VPN services. In as much as they claim to be ‘No Logs!’, they all have different policies that go against this claim.
Why do they go against their claims? It is simple. They are businesses, and as such, they will try to make money from you at every step.
The VPN market is very lucrative. Do you know how much a corporate account can cost? $1,000 per month and up! And they are the ones who provide all of the content that people use!
But while ISPs try to make money from you at every step, they also want to be able to monitor your internet activity for profit. Very few VPN providers are completely honest with their users about how much data is being logged by the provider.
The good news is that there are some VPN providers that do not log your data. They will claim to be no logs, while in reality they have a small amount of logging for a very specific reason.


What is VPN and why it matter?

A VPN is a virtual private network. It connects you to a remote server and encrypts your traffic so that nobody can see what you are doing on the internet.

You might use it to access content which you wouldn’t otherwise be able to view from your location, for example due to censorship or geographical restrictions. You could also use it if there was some kind of leak on your computer or other device, such as email messages or passwords being transmitted in plain text (clear text), where these should be encrypted with secure protocols like TLS/SSL.
The most popular VPN protocol is OpenVPN, which uses a combination of symmetric-key encryption (meaning that the same key is used to encrypt and decrypt) with Rivest–Shamir–Adleman (RSA) public-key cryptography.

In this case your web traffic would be encrypted by using RSA, then decrypted at the other end.
A proxy server is a computer which allows you to get around restrictions and censorship. It does this by either masking your IP address (the unique number assigned to every device on the internet) or replacing it with that of another computer.
Usually, proxies are used to get around regional restrictions on content. For example, if you were in a country where certain websites or services were blocked by the government or otherwise censored due to their unacceptability under local laws.

You could use a proxy server with encrypted connections for those websites and any others which might be blocked.
Proxies are also used to hide your identity or location if you want to do things like avoid being tracked by advertisers.

They are used for a wide variety of purposes, including circumventing censorship, anonymity (where you don’t want people to know who you really are), and even hiding your IP address from the websites that you visit.
In a traditional proxy setup, the first computer (known as the client) connects to an intermediate server by passing along its IP address. The proxy server then fetches any content that is requested from elsewhere on the internet and sends it back to the client.

This means that if you are using a VPN or Proxy, your web traffic will be encrypted before it leaves your computer; anyone monitoring your traffic cannot see what websites you visit or anything else about what you’re doing online. This makes them very useful for people in countries with severe restrictions on freedom of speech.

VPN reviews

mullvad vpn review

mulllvad is one of the more user-friendly VPNs available. The app will automatically install itself as long as it’s compatible with your device. Mullvad’s free trial includes one year of access to the company’s cloud-based VPN software. It’s free to sign up for an account and you can download the software to use.

Mullvad offers a range of payment options including PayPal, Bitcoin, and cards. Service works on Windows, Android, Mac, iOS, and Linux, and each app is almost identical. Performance is very good, with speeds of up to 270-310Mbps on ultra-fast US connections. It unblocked Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, and Disney+, but not all popular sites. It’s more focused on privacy than unblocking every website in the world, but this doesn’t stop it being very good at some sites. The service is free to use, and there are plans to add Bitcoin to your account. The company doesn’t require usernames or passwords, so you don’t need to worry about losing your password.

VPN company Mullvad lets you pay for an account through the mail. The company says it’s statistically very safe to not have a password. Mullvad even lets you send cash to pay for your account. It’s one of the best options for anonymity online.

The privacy policy for Mullvad is written in very simple words. Nearly all server logs are sent to dev > null, a nonexistent directory in Linux systems, and a popular way to avoid the saving of unwanted data. The no-logging policy applies to your IP address, the used VPN IP address, browsing operation, bandwidth, connections, length of session, timestamps, and requests for DNS.

Mullvad on Mac uses OpenVPN by default with the following settings. Mullvad allows up to five simultaneous connections per account. It logs the total number of current connections for a given server, the CPU load per core on each server, and the total bandwidth used per server. It would be nice to see the country list support ping times or report the load of each server.

Mullvad allows up to five connections per account at the same time. Logs the total number of current connections for the server, loading the CPU per core.

Mullvad ‘s VPN connections run in the location indicated on physical hardware. Mullvad was very fast on Windows but fell drastically after three days of checking speeds. If the pace is your highest priority, maybe commit to a single month to see how it works.

Mullvad offers connections in 38 countries with 315 servers that are all owned or rented by the company. The company charges €5 per month, which at this writing was about $5.55. Speeds are good for the most part, and privacy and anonymity are top-notch.

VPN reviews


BolehVPN began as a private project when our local ISP began blocking and throttling content. Since then, we have developed into one of the largest personal VPN providers in the South East Asian region. We have a strict no-logging policy, retain offshore jurisdiction, and have strong encryption options.

Most VPNs are going to hold some logs. BolehVPN is no different from that. Their homepage says “No Logs Policy” like most of the others. Their Terms of Service offers us another glance, however. The trick is to pull the curtain back and figure out which ones they ‘re keeping.

BolehVPN is based in Seychelles and is based on the OpenVPN safety protocol. It provides unrestricted bandwidth and no limits on the server you are connecting to. Its subscription rates are relatively rational because they allow for two simultaneous connections per account.

BolehVPN is based in Malaysia but is under the jurisdiction of the Seychelles. Their Terms of Service suggest that they have “offshore authority” and that their service is regulated by the law of Seycheles. It does not appear that they have any direct physical presence in the Seycheles, but it is possible that they will use some offshore incorporation for tax and regulatory advantages, and also as a selling point for privacy.

BolehVPN is a reliable VPN service that is easy to use on any platform. It’s easy to download and update, and you don’t need any modifications until you use it. No live chat options, so you’ll need to contact them via email or ticket support. If you are interested in streaming, Boleh VPN has dedicated servers for Netflix or Hulu.

You can have up to two simultaneous connections on a single IP address. Tor users will appreciate the support for VPN through Tor, offering increased anonymity. Boleh VPN has servers in 13 countries all over the globe, including the U.S, U.K, and Switzerland.

A one-day free trial is available to check BolehVPN ‘s service. No refunds or money back guarantee for your service. Uses OpenVPN to protect your privacy. Accepts Bitcoin and Dash mobile payments in addition to daily credit and debit card payments. Can conduct a traffic analysis or disable a P2P restriction when the program is downloaded and installed. Effective customer support and customized customer service. Not approved for prepaid cards with certain country limitations.

VPN reviews

PrivateVPN a review

PrivateVPN is a fairly small Swedish VPN provider that entered the market in 2009 and currently only has 80s servers in operation According to the company’s own statement, they provide the best VPN service for security, privacy and streaming With the help of this service, you can stream in HD resolution and use the VPN service on up to six connections simultaneously, thanks to the exceptionally high connection speed What mainly distinguishes PrivateVPN from many similar services on the market is that it has been highly-priced for its ability to make Netflix available in places where the streaming service is blocked Although PrivateVPN only has about 80 servers, the servers are located in more than 50 different countries, including the USA, which makes it possible for us Swedes to access the entire Netflix range of series and movies (and not just those available in the Swedish version of this service)

Compared to other services, PrivateVPN is somewhere in the middle or even a little lower in terms of price Prices also include using up to six devices simultaneously, while some other vendors allow you to use their VPN solution on only five or fewer devices without having to pay extra charges

Customer service PrivateVPN promises support via chat around the clock In addition to the chat function; you can also have your problems remedied via remote control Above all, this is an excellent option for some protocols that need to be installed in a more advanced way; unfortunately, there is no way to contact the company by phone, but on the other hand, it is probably still not the contact route that the company’s customers would primarily choose Review Despite being a smaller network, PrivateVPN has a lot to offer The service covers many operating systems and protocols, so you should have no problem finding what you are looking for in this service The service offers a reliable connection and has an ability to make sites such as Netflix available, which makes this VPN service an excellent alternative for streaming movies and series

Customer Service PrivateVPN promises support via 24/7 chat In addition to the chat function, you can also solve your problems via the remote control Above all, this is an excellent option for some protocols that need to be installed more advanced Unfortunately, there is no way to contact the company by phone, but on the other hand, this is probably still not the way of contact that the company’s customers would choose primarily Review Although it is a small network, PrivateVPN has a lot to offer The service covers many operating systems and protocols, so you should have no problem finding what you are looking for in this service The service offers a reliable connection and has the ability to make available sites such as Netflix, making this VPN service an excellent alternative for broadcasting movies and series